Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA

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Areas of the Mediterranean closer to the equator are hotter in temperature. Macedonia, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, and the Vatican, Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA they do not border the sea, are often considered Mediterranean countries in a wider sense due to their Mediterranean climate, fauna and flora, and their cultural affinity with other Mediterranean countries.

The Mediterranean Sea is subdivided Injection)-- a number of smaller seas, each with its own designation (from west to east):Many of these smaller seas feature in local myth and folklore and derive their names Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA these associations.

In addition to the seas, a number of gulfs and straits are also recognized:The geology of the Mediterranean is complex, involving the break-up and then collision Fluticasone Furoate (Veramyst)- Multum the African and Eurasian tectonic plates, and the Messinian Salinity Crisis in the late Miocene when the Mediterranean dried up.

The Mediterranean Sea has an average depth of 4,920 feet (1,500 meters) and the deepest recorded point is 17,280 feet (5,267 meters) in the Calypso Deep in the Ionian Sea. The coastline extends for 27,600 miles (46,000 kilometers). A shallow submarine ridge underlying the Strait of Sicily, which separates the island of Sicily and the coast of Tunisia, divides the sea in two main Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA, the Western Mediterranean and the Eastern Mediterranean.

The Western Mediterranean covers an area of about 328,100 square miles (850,000 square kilometers) and the Eastern Mediterranean Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA 637,000 square miles astrazeneca moscow. The eastern section is made up of the Ionian Basin (northwest of which is the Adriatic Sea) and the Levantine Basin (northwest of which is the Aegean Sea).

The Mediterranean was once thought to be the remnant of the Tethys Ocean. Studies conducted since the 1970s, however, have suggested that the present Mediterranean seafloor is not part of the older (200 million years) Tethys floor.

It is now known to be a structurally younger ocean basin (44 million years) (Urofollitopin as Neotethys. Neotethys formed during the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic rifting of the African and Eurasian plates. The geodynamic evolution of the Mediterranean Sea was driven Injecction)- Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA convergence of European and African plates.

Geologic data suggests that there are at least six main areas where the Africa and Eurasian plates collide, resulting in volcanism, mountain Injevtion)- and land submergence.

The Mediterranean also hosts wide extensional basins and anxiety medication and depression tectonic arcs, in response to its (Urofollirtopin configuration. Eastern Mediterranean: in middle Miocene times roughly 20 million years ago, the collision between the Arabian microplate and Eurasia led to the separation between the Tethys and the Indian Ocean.

This process brought about Recombinant DNA Origin (Novolin R)- FDA changes in the oceanic circulation patterns, which shifted global climates toward colder conditions.

Since that collision, the Hellenic Arc, which has a Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA configuration, underwent a widespread extension. During the Pleistocene, the Hellenic Arc experienced a rapid rotation phase, with a counterclockwise component in its eastern portion and a clockwise trend in the western segment. Central Mediterranean: over the last thirty million years, trench Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA and the Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA of back arcs caused the formation of the small oceanic basins of the central Mediterranean.

This phase was characterized by the counter-clockwise rotation Bravellf the Corsica-Sardinia block, which lasted until the Langhian (c. Subsequently, a shift of Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA active extensional deformation led to the opening of the Tyrrenian basin.

Western Mediterranean: Since the Mesozoic, FAD convergence between Africa Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA Iberia in the western Mediterranean (Urofollltropin the Betic-Rif mountain belts. The tectonic model for its evolution includes rapid movement of the Alboran microplate subduction zone and radial extensional collapse, caused by convective removal of lithospheric mantle.

The development of these intramontane Betic and Rif basins led to the onset of two marine gateways which were Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA closed during the late Miocene by an interplay of tectonic and glacio-eustatic processes. Because of its peculiar latitudinal position Bravekle its land-locked configuration, the Mediterranean is especially sensitive to astronomically-induced climatic variations, which are well documented in its sedimentary record.

During dry periods, eolian dust blown from the Sahara Desert is deposited in the Mediterranean, while deposits of detrital mud msx1 in by rivers prevail during wet periods. Because of this, geological studies of the layers of rock under the Mediterranean which bear marine sapropel (dark-colored sediments containing organic matter) provide us with high-resolution climatic information for the time periods when those sediments were deposited.

The semi-enclosed configuration of the Mediterranean Sea makes the oceanic gateways critical Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA controlling circulation and environmental evolution. Water circulation patterns are driven by a number of interactive factors, such as climate and the sea floor terrain, which can lead to Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA of evaporites.

Evaporites accumulated in the Red Sea Basin (late Miocene), in the Carpattian foredeep (middle Miocene) and in the whole Mediterranean area (Messinian).

An accurate age estimate of the Messinian Salinity Crisis (5. In the Mediterranean basin, diatomites are regularly found underneath the evaporitic Injction)- suggesting a connection between their geneses. The present-day Atlantic gateway, the Strait of Gibraltar, originated in the early Pliocene. In the past there were two other connections between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, the Betic Corridor (southern Spain) and the Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA Corridor (northern Morocco).

The Rifian Corridor closed about six million years ago, allowing exchanges of mammal species between Africa and Europe. The drying of the sea during the Messinian Salinity Crisis eliminated most of the marine life of that Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA, and the current marine biota of the Mediterranean are derived primarily from the Atlantic Ocean.

The North Atlantic is considerably colder and more nutrient-rich than the Mediterranean, and the marine life of the Mediterranean has had to adapt to its differing conditions in the five million years since the basin was reflooded. In the last few centuries, humankind has altered Mediterranean geology by digging canals, re-routing rivers and building structures all along the coastlines, exacerbating and changing erosional Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA. Historically, large seasonal inflows from the Nile, which reduced the salinity of coastal waters, were part of an essential cycle influencing the hydrology and Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA productivity of the fisheries of the southeastern part of the Mediterranean.

The construction of Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA Aswan High Dam in 1970 Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA an end to this seasonal fluctuation of the Nile's discharge into the Mediterranean.

Mismanagement of beaches and overuse of the sea's natural and marine resources continue to be a Injectio)n. Industrial pollution and chemical pollution (Urofollitrkpin boats is another threat. Recently the amount of raw sewage being dumped directly cognitive therapy the Mediterranean every year has reached over one million tons.

Many marine species have almost disappeared, such as the Mediterranean monk seal, which has been identified as one of the top ten endangered species in the world. The Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA of the Suez Canal in 1869 created the first Betaseron (Interferon beta-1b)- FDA passage between the Mediterranean and Red seas. The Red Sea is higher than the Eastern Mediterranean, so the canal serves as a tidal strait that pours Red Sea water into the Mediterranean.

The Bitter Lakes, which are hypersaline natural lakes that form Depo-Estradiol (Estradiol Cypionate Injection)- Multum of Injectioh)- canal, Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA the migration of Red Sea species into the Mediterranean for many decades, but as the salinity of the lakes gradually equalized with that of the Red Sea, the barrier to migration was removed, and plants and animals from the Red Sea have begun to colonize the eastern Mediterranean.

The Red Sea is generally saltier and more nutrient-poor than the Atlantic, so the Red Sea species have advantages over Atlantic species in the salty and nutrient-poor Eastern (Urofollitropn.

The construction of the Aswan High Dam across the Nile River in the 1960s Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA the inflow of freshwater and nutrient-rich silt from the Nile into the eastern Mediterranean, making conditions there even more like the Red Sea, and worsening the impact of the invasive species. Species from the Red Sea that have invaded the Mediterranean through the Suez canal have Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA a major harmful component of the Mediterranean ecosystem endangering many local and endemic Mediterranean species.

About 300 species native to the Red Sea have already been identified in the Mediterranean Sea, and there are probably others yet unidentified. In recent years, the Egyptian government's announcement of Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA intentions to deepen and Bravelle (Urofollitropin Injection)- FDA the canal, have raised concerns from marine biologists, fearing that this will worsen the invasion of Red Sea species into the Mediterranean by facilitating the crossing of the canal for additional species.



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